A report published by ITMF (the International Textile Manufacturers Federation) shows that during 2008-2009 the world textile machinery shipment dropped continuously due to the world economic and financial crisis. However, the shipment was up again during 2010-2011. For weaving sector, the report indicates that in 2011 shipment of shuttle-less weaving machine grew by 44% to the total amount of 153,750 machines. Of this amount 113,000 machines were water-jet weaving machines (up 54%), 19,250 machines were rapier/projectile weaving machines (up 20%), and 21,500 machines were air-jet weaving machines (up 21%). Approximately 96% of the shuttle-less weaving machinery shipment (148,500 machines) was sent to countries in Asia. As expected, China remained the world biggest buyer holding 83% of the shipment to Asia (128,100 machines: 106,000 machines for water-jet; 13,900 machines for air-jet; and 8,250 machines for rapier/projectile), followed by India (holding 6%), Indonesia (holding 1.9%), and Korea (holding 1.6%).
In terms of world fabric output, the report shows that during the first quarter of 2011 the output was down 11.8% compared to the last quarter. However since the second quarter, the output increased gradually: +4.4% in the 2nd quarter; +5.9% in the 3rd quarter; and +0.7% in the 4th quarter. For world fabric stocks, data indicate that the stocks in 2011 were 16.1% higher than those in 2010.
Denim fabric production is also one important sector for textile weaving industry. Currently the world top 5 denim fabric producers consist of China, Brazil, Turkey, the USA, and the EU, in which China produces the highest amount of 2.5-3 billion meters per year. At the moment, the government of India is boosting its denim market and expects to see the market reaching 1 billion meters per year by 2015 (currently at 650-750 million meters per year). However, India is still importing denim fabrics from several countries including China, Bangladesh, Brazil, Indonesia, Turkey, Pakistan, and Thailand. Another woven product worth to talk about is fabric filter and bags. Usually fabric filter and bags for small particle and impurity filtration are made of woven fabric or felt. Data show that in 2010 world market of fabric filter and bags was around 8.3 billion US$ and it is expected to reach 10 billion US$ in 2015.
In terms of weaving technology, several innovations have been introduced at the world class exhibitions such as the ITMA Asia + CITMA 2012 and the ITMA 2011, which can be summarized as follows. Picanol introduces its OMNI plus Summum 4-P 190 air-jet featuring the new insertion system and the PicanolBlueBox system, and another machine OptiMax 2-R 250 rapier featuring positive grippers for high speed weaving of stiff and bulk technical yarns with no problem. Lindauer Dornier introduces its new P1 PTS 4/S C rapier for technical textiles and A1 AWS 8/S G air-jet for wool. Both feature a special insertion system that can decrease the yarn strain taking place during weaving. Products like conveyor belt, aramid fabric or even loose structure can be made. The new model also included Dornier’s latest SyncroDrive® system. Itema introduces several rapier and air-jet weaving machines for denim, terry towel, home textiles, upholstery, sheeting, etc. Mageba introduces 3-D weaving for medical and technical textiles. The weaving technology combines the Mageba’s SL-MV 140 1/315 narrow shuttle weaving system with the Stäubli’sUnival 100 jacquard weaving system. Several product shapes can be made including T, I and C shapes and they can be used as reinforcements for composite materials.